unit was established in 1975 at Masroor Airbase near Karachi
but quickly moved to Mianwali, where it remains to the day,
to train newly graduated pilots from the Air Force Academy
on the aircraft acquired from China. Though initially it
acted as a fighter conversion platform for F-6 aircraft, it
continued to perform this role even after the induction of
F-7s and A-5s.
The unit has the primary peacetime role of training newly
commissioned officers, (with limited experience on the
slower T-37s), to fly supersonic jets. No. 1 Fighter
Conversion Unit (FCU) administers intensive and challenging
course each year. Maintaining its tradition of flight
safety, the Masroor Hussain Flight Safety Trophy during
1992, 1995 and 1998.
In 1987, the unit was assigned the wartime role of air
defence. This change of role not only necessitated a change
in the war plans but also inspired flying instructors to
refresh their skills as interceptor pilots. During ISAC-96,
the FT-5 aircraft fired an AIM-9P, which connected with the
target successfully, demonstrating the capabilities of this
old hero of the Korean War. In addition, the unit regularly
took part in major command level operational exercises. On
23 April 1998, during an air-to-air missile firing, the FT-5
successfully launched an AIM-9P on target, demonstrating
that the system is fully capable of living up to the
standards of a fighter aircraft in any future conflict.
1 FCU has conducted forty-five Fighter Conversion Courses
since it was established. During the last 10 years, 450
students have graduated from this prestigious institution.
The average induction per course was twenty-six, the
attrition rate approximately 12 per cent and the average
number of graduates was twenty-four.